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Some southeastern U.S. trees and woody plants by Scientific Name

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Revised June 2008


ThumbnailScientific NameFamily NameStart BloomStop BloomCommon NameSynonyms
Abies fraseriPinaceaeFraser fir
Abies balsameaPinaceaeBalsam FirCanada Balsam
Acer leucodermeAceraceaechalk maple
Acer negundoAceraceae3.24.2boxelder
Acer nigrumAceraceae3.24.1black maple
Acer pensylvanicumAceraceae56striped maplemoosewood
Acer platanoidesAceraceae3.34.3Norway maple
Acer rubrumAceraceae2.43.2red maple
Acer saccharinumAceraceae2.13.1silver maple
Acer saccharumAceraceae3.24.2sugar maple
Acer spicatumAceraceae5.46.3mountain maple
Aesculus flavaHippocastanaceae4.15.1yellow buckeye
Aesculus glabraHippocastanaceae4.34.4Ohio buckeye
Aesculus hippocastanumHippocastanaceae4.24.4horse chestnut
Aesculus parvifloraHippocastanaceaebottlebrush buckeye
Aesculus paviaHippocastanaceae4.15.1red buckeye
Ailanthus altissimaSimaroubaceae5.16.1tree of heavenstinktree
Albizia julibrissinMimosaceae6.110.2mimosasilk-tree
Alnus serrulataBetulaceaehazel aldercommon alder
Amelanchier arboreaRosaceae3.24.1downy serviceberry
Amelanchier laevisRosaceaesmooth shadbush or Juneberry
Amelanchier sanguineaRosaceaeround-leaved shadbush
Ampelopsis cordataVitaceae66heartleaf ampelopsisheartleaf peppervine
Aralia spinosaAraliaceae7.28.2devil's walkingstickHercules' club
Aristolochia macrophyllaAristolochiaceae5.46Dutchman's pipepipevine
Aristolochia tomentosaAristolochiaceae5.16.3pipe vinewoolly dutchman's pipe
Arundinaria giganteaPoaceaegiant cane
Asimina obovataAnnonaceaebigflower pawpawflag pawpaw
Asimina trilobaAnonaceae3.45.2pawpaw
Betula alleghaniensisBetulaceaeyellow birch
Betula lentaBetulaceaesweet birchblack birch
Betula nigraBetulaceae3.34.3river birch
Betula papyriferaBetulaceaeheart-leaved paper birch or mountain paper birch
Betula pendulaBetulaceaeEuropean weeping birch
Bignonia capreolataBignoniaceae4.25.3crossvine
Broussonetia papyriferaMoraceae4.45paper mulberry
Calycanthus floridusCalycanthaceae4.26.2eastern sweetshrub
Calycocarpum lyoniiMenispermaceaecupseed
Campsis radicansBignoniaceae5.99.3trumpet creeper
Carpinus carolinianaBetulaceae3.24.2American hornbeammuscletree
Carya albaJuglandaceae4.34.3mockernut hickoryCarya tomentosa
Carya carolinae-septentrionalisJuglandaceae4.24.3southern shagbark hickory
Carya cordiformisJuglandaceae4.25.2bitternut hickory
Carya floridanaJuglandaceaescrub hickory
Carya glabraJuglandaceae4.25.1pignut hickory
Carya illinoinensisJuglandaceae4.25.3pecan
Carya laciniosaJuglandaceae4.34.3shellbark hickorykingnut hickory
Carya ovalisJuglandaceae4.35.1red hickory
Carya ovataJuglandaceaeshagbark hickory
Carya pallidaJuglandaceaesand hickory
Castanea dentataFagaceae6.16.1American chestnut
Castanea mollissimaFagaceaeChinese chestnut
Catalpa speciosaBignoniaceae4.46.1northern catalpa
Ceanothus americanusRhamnaceae67New Jersey tea
Celtis laevigataUlmaceae3.44.2southern hackberrysugarberry
Celtis occidentalisUlmaceae4.14.2northern hackberrycommon hackberry
Celtis tenuifoliaUlmaceaedwarf hackberry
Cephalanthus occidentalisRubiaceae7.48common buttonbush
Cercis canadensisFabaceae3.24.3eastern redbud
Chionanthus virginicusOleaceae4.45.2white fringetreegrandpa's beard
Cladrastis kentukeaFabaceae4.35.1yellowwoodCladrastis lutea
Clematis viornaRanunculaceaevasevineleather flower
Clematis virginianaRanunculaceae7.39virgin's bowerdevil's darning needles
Cocculus carolinusMenispermaceae6.19.4Carolina snailseedCarolina coralbead, red berried moonseed
Cornus alternifoliaCornaceae56alternateleaf dogwood
Cornus drummondiiCornaceae5.46.1roughleaf dogwood
Cornus floridaCornaceae4.14.4flowering dogwood
Cornus foeminaCornaceae5.46.2stiff dogwood
Corylus americanaBetulaceaeAmerican hazelnut
Cotinus obovatusAnacardiaceae4.35.2American smoketree
Crataegus berberifoliaRosaceaebarberry hawthorn
Crataegus calpodendronRosaceaepear hawthornlimestone hawthorn, sugar hawthorn
Crataegus collinaRosaceaedotted hawthornCrataegus punctata, round-leaved hawthorn
Crataegus crus-galliRosaceaecockspur hawthorn
Crataegus harbisoniiRosaceaeHarbison's hawthorn
Crataegus intricataRosaceaeBiltmore's hawthorn
Crataegus macrospermaRosaceaescarlet hawthorn
Crataegus mollisRosaceaedowny hawthorn
Crataegus phaenopyrumRosaceae4.45.3Washington hawthornWashington-thorn
Crataegus pinetorumRosaceaehawthorn
Crataegus pruinosaRosaceaetriangle-leaved hawthornfrosted hawthorn
Crataegus spathulataRosaceaelittle hip hawthorn
Deutzia scabraHydrangeaceae5.45.4fuzzy pride-of-Rochester
Diospyros virginianaEbenaceae5.15.4persimmon
Dirca palustrisThymelaeaceaeleatherwoodmoosewood, wicopy
Elaeagnus umbellataElaeagnaceae4.26autumn olive
Erythrina crista-galliFabaceaecrybabytree
Euonymus alatusCelastraceae5.16winged burning bush
Euonymus americanusCelastraceae5.25.3strawberry bushhearts a-bustin',Euonymus americana
Euonymus atropurpureusCelastraceae5.36eastern wahooEuonymus atropurpurea
Euonymus fortuneiCelastraceaewinter creeper
Euonymus obovatusCelastraceaerunning euonymus
Fagus grandifoliaFagaceae4.14.3American beech
Ficus aureaMoraceaeFlorida strangler fig
Forestiera ligustrinaOleaceae88upland swamp-privetshrub swamp-privet
Forsythia viridissimaOleaceae3.14.2greenstem forsythia
Fothergilla majorHamamelidaceae4.24.3mountain witch alder
Frangula carolinianaRhamnaceae5.46.2Carolina buckthornRhamnus caroliniana
Fraxinus americanaOleaceae3.44.2white ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaOleaceae4.14.3green ash
Fraxinus quadrangulataOleaceaeblue ash
Ginkgo bilobaGinkgoaceaemaidenhair treeginkgo
Gleditsia triacanthosFabaceae55honey locust
Gymnocladus dioicusFabaceae4.35.3Kentucky coffeetree
Halesia tetrapteraStyracaceae4.24.2mountain silverbellHalesia carolina
Hamamelis virginianaHamamelidaceae10.112.2American witchhazel
Hedera helixAraliaceae7.27.2English ivy
Hibiscus syriacusMalvaceae6.38.2rose of Sharon
Hydrangea arborescensHydrangeaceae5.47.4wild hydrangea
Hydrangea quercifoliaHydrangeaceaeoakleaf hydrangea
Hypericum frondosumClusiaceae6.16.4cedarglade St. Johnswort
Ilex deciduaAquifoliaceae4.45possumhaw
Ilex opacaAquifoliaceae4.45.3American holly
Ilex verticillataAquifoliaceae56common winterberry
Ilex vomitoriaAquifoliaceae4.35.1yaupon
Itea virginicaGrossulariaceae56Virginia sweetspire
Juglans cinereaJuglandaceae4.35butternutwhite walnut
Juglans mandshuricaJuglandaceaeManchu walnut
Juglans nigraJuglandaceae4.35.1black walnut
Juniperus communisCupressaceaecommon juniper
Juniperus virginianaCupressaceaeeastern redcedar
Kalmia latifoliaEricaceae5.26.1mountain laurel
Koelreuteria paniculataSapindaceae5.27.1golden rain tree
Lagerstroemia indicaLythraceae89Crape myrtle
Leucothoe fontanesianaEricaceae55dog hobblehighland doghobble
Licania michauxiiChrysobalanaceaegopher apple
Ligustrum vulgareOleaceae5.15.4European privet
Lindera benzoinLauraceae3.24.1spicebush
Liquidambar styracifluaHamamelidaceae3.44.2sweetgum
Liriodendron tulipiferaMagnoliaceae4.35.4tuliptreetulip poplar
Lonicera fragrantissimaCaprifoliaceae1.13.4winter honeysucklesweet breath of spring, January jasmine
Lonicera japonicaCaprifoliaceae4.410.3Japanese honeysuckle
Lonicera maackiiCaprifoliaceae4.15.1Amur honeysuckle
Lonicera sempervirensCaprifoliaceae4.210.1coral honeysuckletrumpet honeysuckle
Lyonia ferrugineaEricaceaerusty staggerbush
Lyonia fruticosaEricaceaecoastal plain staggerbush
Maclura pomiferaMoraceae4.35.2Osage orangehedge apple
Magnolia acuminataMagnoliaceae4.24.4cucumber-treecucumber magnolia
Magnolia fraseriMagnoliaceae56mountain magnoliaFraser magnolia
Magnolia grandifloraMagnoliaceae4.29.2southern magnolia
Magnolia macrophyllaMagnoliaceae4.46.1bigleaf magnolia
Magnolia tripetalaMagnoliaceae55umbrella magnolia
Magnolia virginianaMagnoliaceae5.16.2sweetbaysweetbay magnolia
Magnolia ×soulangianaMagnoliaceae3.36.3saucer magnoliaChinese magnolia
Mahonia aquifoliumBerberidaceaetall Oregon grapemahonia, holly leaved barberry
Malus sylvestrisRosaceaeappleEuropean crabapple
Menispermum canadenseMenispermaceae5.27common moonseed
Metasequoia glyptostroboidesTaxodiaceaedawn redwood
Morus albaMoraceaewhite mulberry
Morus rubraMoraceae4.15.1red mulberry
Nyssa aquaticaNyssaceaewater tupelo
Nyssa bifloraNyssaceae4.45.1swamp tupelo
Nyssa sylvaticaNyssaceae4.35.2blackgum
Opuntia humifusaCactaceae5.46.2eastern prickly peardevil's-tongue
Ostrya virginianaBetulaceae3.24.3hophornbeam
Oxydendrum arboreumEricaceae6.17.4sourwood
Parthenocissus quinquefoliaVitaceae7.17.3Virginia creeper
Paulownia tomentosaBignoniaceae4.14.4princess-treeempress-tree
Philadelphus inodorusHydrangeaceae5.46scentless mock orange
Philadelphus pubescensHydrangeaceaemock orange
Phoradendron leucarpumViscaceae1011oak mistletoePhoradendron flavescens, Phoradendron serotinum
Photinia pyrifoliaRosaceaered chokeberryAronia arbutifolia, Pyrus arbutifolia, Sorbus arbutifolia
Picea abiesPinaceaeNorway spruce
Picea rubensPinaceaered spruce
Pinus clausaPinaceaesand pine
Pinus echinataPinaceaeshortleaf pine
Pinus elliottiiPinaceaeslash pine
Pinus palustrisPinaceaelongleaf pine
Pinus pungensPinaceaeTable Mountain pine
Pinus rigidaPinaceaepitch pine
Pinus strobusPinaceaeeastern white pine
Pinus taedaPinaceaeloblolly pine
Pinus virginianaPinaceaeVirginia pine
Platanus occidentalisPlatanaceae4.14.3American sycamore
Platycladus orientalisCupressaceaeOriental white cedar
Poncirus trifoliataRutaceaetrifoliate orange
Populus albaSalicaceaesilver poplar
Populus canescensSalicaceaegray poplar
Populus deltoidesSalicaceae3.34.1cottonwood
Populus grandidentataSalicaceaebigtooth aspen
Populus nigraSalicaceaeLombardy poplar
Prunus americanaRosaceae4.14.3American plum
Prunus angustifoliaRosaceae3.34.2Chickasaw plum
Prunus aviumRosaceaesweet cherry
Prunus cerasusRosaceaesour cherry
Prunus hortulanaRosaceae45hortulan plumwild goose plum
Prunus mahalebRosaceaemahaleb-cherry
Prunus mexicanaRosaceae44Mexican plumbig tree plum
Prunus munsonianaRosaceae3.44.2Munson's plumwild goose plum
Prunus pensylvanicaRosaceae45pin cherry
Prunus persicaRosaceae3.24.1peach
Prunus serotinaRosaceae4.24.4black cherry
Prunus trilobaRosaceaeflowering almond
Ptelea trifoliataRutaceaehop-tree
Pyrus calleryanaRosaceae3.14.2Bradford pearCallery pear
Pyrus communisRosaceae3.43.4common pear
Quercus albaFagaceae4.14.4white oak
Quercus bicolorFagaceae3.44.4swamp white oak
Quercus coccineaFagaceae4.14.3scarlet oak
Quercus falcataFagaceae3.24.1southern red oak
Quercus imbricariaFagaceae4.14.3shingle oak
Quercus laevisFagaceaeturkey oak
Quercus lyrataFagaceae4.14.2overcup oak
Quercus macrocarpaFagaceae3.44.3bur oak
Quercus marilandicaFagaceaeblackjack oak
Quercus michauxiiFagaceae4.14.3swamp chestnut oakbasket oak
Quercus muehlenbergiiFagaceae3.34.3chinkapin oak
Quercus myrtifoliaFagaceaemyrtle oak
Quercus nigraFagaceae3.34.3water oak
Quercus pagodaFagaceaecherrybark oakQuercus falcata var. pagodifolia
Quercus palustrisFagaceae4.14.3pin oak
Quercus phellosFagaceae4.14.3willow oak
Quercus prinusFagaceae4.1chestnut oak
Quercus rubraFagaceae3.34.2northern red oak
Quercus shumardiiFagaceae3.34.1Shumard's oak
Quercus stellataFagaceae4.24.3post oak
Quercus velutinaFagaceae4.14.4black oak
Quercus virginianaFagaceaelive oak
Rhizophora mangleRhizophoraceaeAmerican mangrove
Rhododendron alabamenseEricaceae4.25.3Alabama azalea
Rhododendron calendulaceumEricaceae6.16.1flame azalea
Rhododendron catawbienseEricaceae5.46.3Catawba rhododendronCatawba rosebay, mountain rosebay, purple laurel
Rhododendron maximumEricaceae56rosebay rhododendrongreat rhododendron, rosebay, great laurel
Rhododendron periclymenoidesEricaceaepink azalea
Rhododendron prinophyllumEricaceae55early azaleaRhododendron roseum, rose azalea
Rhodotypos scandensRosaceaejetbead
Rhus aromaticaAnacardiaceae4.14.1fragrant sumac
Rhus copallinumAnacardiaceae7.28.1winged sumacRhus copallina, shining sumac
Rhus glabraAnacardiaceae6.17.1smooth sumac
Rhus hirtaAnacardiaceae5.25.4staghorn sumacRhus typhina
Robinia pseudoacaciaFabaceae4.34.4black locust
Rosa carolinaRosaceae5.35.3Carolina rosepasture rose
Rosa multifloraRosaceae4.35.3multiflora rose
Rosa setigeraRosaceae5.16.2prarie roseclimbing rose
Rubus allegheniensisRosaceae5.47Allegheny blackberry
Rubus argutusRosaceae5.26southern blackberrysawtooth blackberry
Rubus flagellarisRosaceae4.35.3northern dewberry
Rubus occidentalisRosaceae56black raspberry
Rubus odoratusRosaceae5.46.3purpleflowering raspberry
Salix albaSalicaceaewhite willow
Salix babylonicaSalicaceaeweeping willow
Salix carolinianaSalicaceae3.34.2Carolina willowcoastal plain willow
Salix nigraSalicaceae4.34.4black willow
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensisCaprifoliaceae5.37.4common elderSambucus canadensis, elderberry
Sambucus racemosa ssp. racemosaCaprifoliaceae56red elderberrySambucus racemosa ssp. pubens
Sassafras albidumLauraceae3.94.3sassafras
Serenoa repensArecaceaesaw palmetto
Sideroxylon lycioidesSapotaceae67buckthorn bullyBumelia lycioides, smooth southern buckthorn
Smilax bona-noxSmilacaceae57saw greenbrier
Smilax glaucaSmilacaceae56cat greenbrier
Smilax rotundifoliaSmilacaceae4.46common greenbrierround leaf greenbrier, cat brier
Sorbus americanaRosaceae66mountain ash
Spiraea japonicaRosaceae6.27.4Japanese meadowsweetJapanese spiraea
Spiraea prunifoliaRosaceae4.25bridalwreath spirea
Staphylea trifoliaStaphyleaceae4.15American bladdernut
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusCaprifoliaceae7.38coralberry
Taxodium distichumTaxodiaceaebald cypress
Thuja occidentalisCupressaceaeeastern white cedararborvitae
Tilia americana ssp. heterophyllaTiliaceae5.46.4white basswoodTilia heterophylla
Toxicodendron radicansAnacardiaceae4.45.3eastern poison ivyRhus radicans
Tsuga canadensisPinaceaeeastern hemlock
Ulmus alataUlmaceae2.43.2winged elm
Ulmus americanaUlmaceae2.43.2American elm
Ulmus rubraUlmaceae3.23.3slippery elm
Ulmus serotinaUlmaceae9.210.1September elm
Vaccinium arboreumEricaceae5.46farkleberrysparkleberry
Vaccinium corymbosumEricaceaehighbush blueberry
Vaccinium pallidumEricaceae3.46lowbush blueberryBlue Ridge blueberry
Vaccinium stamineumEricaceae4.24.4deerberry
Viburnum acerifoliumCaprifoliaceae56mapleleaf viburnum
Viburnum lantanoidesCaprifoliaceae56hobblebushwitch hobble
Viburnum prunifoliumCaprifoliaceae5.15blackhaw
Viburnum rufidulumCaprifoliaceae4.24.3rusty blackhaw
Vitis aestivalisVitaceaesummer grape
Vitis palmataVitaceaecatbird grape
Vitis vulpinaVitaceae5.25.2frost grapefrost grape
Wisteria floribundaFabaceae4.1Japanese wisteria
Wisteria frutescensFabaceae4.46.3American wisteria
Wisteria sinensisFabaceae66 Chinese wisteria
Yucca flaccidaAgavaceae5.16.3Adam's needleSpanish bayonet