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Some Northeastern U.S. trees and woody plants by Scientific Name

Revised June 2008


ThumbnailScientific NameFamily NameCommon NameSynonyms
Abies balsameaPinaceaeBalsam FirCanada Balsam
Acer negundoAceraceaeboxelder
Acer nigrumAceraceaeblack maple
Acer platanoidesAceraceaeNorway maple
Acer rubrumAceraceaered maple
Acer saccharinumAceraceaesilver maple
Acer saccharumAceraceaesugar maple
Aesculus glabraHippocastanaceaeOhio buckeye
Aesculus hippocastanumHippocastanaceaehorse chestnut
Ailanthus altissimaSimaroubaceaetree of heavenstinktree
Alnus glutinosaBetulaceaeEuropean Black Alder
Alnus incanaBetulaceaeSpeckled Alder
Alnus viridisBetulaceaeGreen AlderMountain Alder
Amelanchier arboreaRosaceaedowny serviceberry
Amelanchier laevisRosaceaesmooth shadbush or Juneberry
Amelanchier sanguineaRosaceaeround-leaved shadbush
Amorpha fruticosaFabaceaeFalse IndigoIndigobush, River Locust
Aronia melanocarpaRosaceaeChokeberryBlack-seeded Chokeberry
Berberis thunbergiiBerberidaceaeJapanese Barberry
Berberis vulgarisBerberidaceaeEuropean BarberryCommon Barberry
Betula alleghaniensisBetulaceaeyellow birch
Betula lentaBetulaceaesweet birchblack birch
Betula papyriferaBetulaceaeheart-leaved paper birch or mountain paper birch
Carpinus carolinianaBetulaceaeAmerican hornbeammuscletree
Carya cordiformisJuglandaceaebitternut hickory
Carya laciniosaJuglandaceaeshellbark hickorykingnut hickory
Carya ovataJuglandaceaeshagbark hickory
Castanea dentataFagaceaeAmerican chestnut
Celtis occidentalisUlmaceaenorthern hackberrycommon hackberry
Cephalanthus occidentalisRubiaceaecommon buttonbush
Cercis canadensisFabaceaeeastern redbud
Comptonia peregrinaMyricaceaeSweetfernFern Gale
Cornus floridaCornaceaeflowering dogwood
Cornus obliquaCornaceaesilky dogwood
Cornus racemosaCornaceaegray dogwood
Cornus sericea ssp. sericeaCornaceaeRed Osier DogwoodRed Osier Cornel
Corylus cornutaBetulaceaebeaked hazelnut
Dasiphora floribundaRosaceaeShrubby Cinquefoil
Dirca palustrisThymelaeaceaeleatherwoodmoosewood, wicopy
Elaeagnus angustifoliaElaeagnaceaeRussian olive
Fagus grandifoliaFagaceaeAmerican beech
Frangula alnusRhamnaceaeGlossy BuckthornAlder Buckthorn
Fraxinus americanaOleaceaewhite ash
Fraxinus nigraOleaceaeBlack Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaOleaceaegreen ash
Fraxinus profundaOleaceaePumpkin AshFraxinus tomentosa
Fraxinus quadrangulataOleaceaeblue ash
Ginkgo bilobaGinkgoaceaemaidenhair treeginkgo
Gleditsia triacanthosFabaceaehoney locust
Gymnocladus dioicusFabaceaeKentucky coffeetree
Hamamelis virginianaHamamelidaceaeAmerican witchhazel
Ilex verticillataAquifoliaceaecommon winterberry
Juglans cinereaJuglandaceaebutternutwhite walnut
Juglans nigraJuglandaceaeblack walnut
Juniperus communisCupressaceaecommon juniper
Juniperus virginianaCupressaceaeeastern redcedar
Larix deciduaPinaceaeEuropean Larch
Larix laricinaPinaceaeTamarackHackmatack, Eastern Larch
Lindera benzoinLauraceaespicebush
Lonicera canadensisCaprifoliaceaeAmerican Fly Honeysuckle
Lonicera morrowiiCaprifoliaceaeMorrow's honeysuckle
Magnolia acuminataMagnoliaceaecucumber-treecucumber magnolia
Myrica galeMyricaceaeSweet Gale
Myrica pensylvanicaMyricaceaeNorthern Bayberry
Nemopanthus mucronatAquifoliaceaeMountain Holly
Nyssa sylvaticaNyssaceaeblackgum
Ostrya virginianaBetulaceaehophornbeam
Picea abiesPinaceaeNorway spruce
Picea glaucaPinaceaewhite spruce
Picea marianaPinaceaeblack spruce
Picea rubensPinaceaered spruce
Pinus banksianaPinaceaeJack PineBanksian Pine, Gray Pine
Pinus mugoPinaceaeMugo PineSwiss Mountain Pine, Mugho Pine
Pinus nigraPinaceaeAustrian PineEuropean Black Pine
Pinus resinosaPinaceaeRed PineNorway Pine
Pinus rigidaPinaceaepitch pine
Pinus strobusPinaceaeeastern white pine
Pinus sylvestrisPinaceaeScots PineScotch Pine, Scotch Fir
Platanus occidentalisPlatanaceaeAmerican sycamore
Populus deltoidesSalicaceaecottonwood
Populus grandidentataSalicaceaebigtooth aspen
Populus tremuloidesSalicaceaequaking aspengolden aspen, trembling poplar
Prunus pensylvanicaRosaceaepin cherry
Prunus serotinaRosaceaeblack cherry
Prunus virginianaRosaceaeChokecherryEastern Chokecherry, Red Chokecherry
Pyrus calleryanaRosaceaeBradford pearCallery pear
Quercus albaFagaceaewhite oak
Quercus bicolorFagaceaeswamp white oak
Quercus ellipsoidalisFagaceaenorthern pin oak
Quercus macrocarpaFagaceaebur oak
Quercus muehlenbergiiFagaceaechinkapin oak
Quercus palustrisFagaceaepin oak
Quercus prinoidesFagaceaeDwarf Chinquapin Oak
Quercus rubraFagaceaenorthern red oak
Quercus velutinaFagaceaeblack oak
Rhamnus alnifoliaRhamnaceaeAlder-leaved BuckthornDwarf Alder
Rhamnus catharticaRhamnaceaeCommon BuckthornEuropean Buckthorn, Buckthorn
Rhus aromaticaAnacardiaceaefragrant sumac
Rhus copallinumAnacardiaceaewinged sumacRhus copallina, shining sumac
Rhus glabraAnacardiaceaesmooth sumac
Ribes americanumGrossulariaceaeWild Black CurrantAmerican Black Currant
Ribes cynosbatiGrossulariaceaePrickly GooseberryPasture Gooseberry
Ribes hirtellumGrossulariaceaeWild GooseberryLow Wild Gooseberry, Smooth Gooseberry
Ribes oxyacanthoides spp. oxyacanthoidesGrossulariaceaeBristly Wild GooseberryNorthern Gooseberry
Robinia pseudoacaciaFabaceaeblack locust
Salix nigraSalicaceaeblack willow
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensisCaprifoliaceaecommon elderSambucus canadensis, elderberry
Sambucus racemosa ssp. racemosaCaprifoliaceaered elderberrySambucus racemosa ssp. pubens
Sassafras albidumLauraceaesassafras
Sibbaldiopsis tridentataRosaceaeThree-toothed Cinquefoil
Sorbaria sorbifoliaRosaceaeFalse Spiraea
Sorbus americanaRosaceaemountain ash
Staphylea trifoliaStaphyleaceaeAmerican bladdernut
Syringa vulgarisOleaceaeCommon LilacLilac
Taxus canadensisTaxaceaeYewGround Hemlock, American Yew
Thuja occidentalisCupressaceaeeastern white cedararborvitae
Tilia americana ssp. heterophyllaTiliaceaewhite basswoodTilia heterophylla
Toxicodendron radicansAnacardiaceaeeastern poison ivyRhus radicans
Toxicodendron vernixAnacardiaceaePoison SumacSwamp Sumac, Poison Dogwood
Tsuga canadensisPinaceaeeastern hemlock
Ulmus americanaUlmaceaeAmerican elm
Ulmus rubraUlmaceaeslippery elm
Vaccinium myrtilloidesEricaceaeVelvetleaf BlueberrySourtop Blueberry
Viburnum dentatumCaprifoliaceaeSouthern Arrowwood
Viburnum lantanoidesCaprifoliaceaehobblebushwitch hobble
Viburnum lentagoCaprifoliaceaeNannyberrySweet Viburnum, Sheepberry
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoidesCaprifoliaceaeWild RaisinWithe Rod, Northern Wild Raisin
Viburnum opulus var. americanumCaprifoliaceaehigh bush cranberryViburnum trilobum
Viburnum rafinesquianumCaprifoliaceaeDowny Arrowwood
Yucca flaccidaAgavaceaeAdam's needleSpanish bayonet
Zanthoxylum americanumRutaceaePrickly AshAmerican Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree