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Some Northeastern U.S. Trees and Woody Plants by Family Name

Revised June 2008


ThumbnailScientific NameFamily NameCommon NameSynonyms
Acer negundoAceraceaeboxelder
Acer nigrumAceraceaeblack maple
Acer platanoidesAceraceaeNorway maple
Acer rubrumAceraceaered maple
Acer saccharinumAceraceaesilver maple
Acer saccharumAceraceaesugar maple
Yucca flaccidaAgavaceaeAdam's needleSpanish bayonet
Rhus aromaticaAnacardiaceaefragrant sumac
Rhus copallinumAnacardiaceaewinged sumacRhus copallina, shining sumac
Rhus glabraAnacardiaceaesmooth sumac
Toxicodendron radicansAnacardiaceaeeastern poison ivyRhus radicans
Toxicodendron vernixAnacardiaceaePoison SumacSwamp Sumac, Poison Dogwood
Ilex verticillataAquifoliaceaecommon winterberry
Nemopanthus mucronatAquifoliaceaeMountain Holly
Berberis thunbergiiBerberidaceaeJapanese Barberry
Berberis vulgarisBerberidaceaeEuropean BarberryCommon Barberry
Alnus glutinosaBetulaceaeEuropean Black Alder
Alnus incanaBetulaceaeSpeckled Alder
Alnus viridisBetulaceaeGreen AlderMountain Alder
Betula alleghaniensisBetulaceaeyellow birch
Betula lentaBetulaceaesweet birchblack birch
Betula papyriferaBetulaceaeheart-leaved paper birch or mountain paper birch
Carpinus carolinianaBetulaceaeAmerican hornbeammuscletree
Corylus cornutaBetulaceaebeaked hazelnut
Ostrya virginianaBetulaceaehophornbeam
Lonicera canadensisCaprifoliaceaeAmerican Fly Honeysuckle
Lonicera morrowiiCaprifoliaceaeMorrow's honeysuckle
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensisCaprifoliaceaecommon elderSambucus canadensis, elderberry
Sambucus racemosa ssp. racemosaCaprifoliaceaered elderberrySambucus racemosa ssp. pubens
Viburnum dentatumCaprifoliaceaeSouthern Arrowwood
Viburnum lantanoidesCaprifoliaceaehobblebushwitch hobble
Viburnum lentagoCaprifoliaceaeNannyberrySweet Viburnum, Sheepberry
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoidesCaprifoliaceaeWild RaisinWithe Rod, Northern Wild Raisin
Viburnum opulus var. americanumCaprifoliaceaehigh bush cranberryViburnum trilobum
Viburnum rafinesquianumCaprifoliaceaeDowny Arrowwood
Cornus floridaCornaceaeflowering dogwood
Cornus obliquaCornaceaesilky dogwood
Cornus racemosaCornaceaegray dogwood
Cornus sericea ssp. sericeaCornaceaeRed Osier DogwoodRed Osier Cornel
Juniperus communisCupressaceaecommon juniper
Juniperus virginianaCupressaceaeeastern redcedar
Thuja occidentalisCupressaceaeeastern white cedararborvitae
Elaeagnus angustifoliaElaeagnaceaeRussian olive
Vaccinium myrtilloidesEricaceaeVelvetleaf BlueberrySourtop Blueberry
Amorpha fruticosaFabaceaeFalse IndigoIndigobush, River Locust
Cercis canadensisFabaceaeeastern redbud
Gleditsia triacanthosFabaceaehoney locust
Gymnocladus dioicusFabaceaeKentucky coffeetree
Robinia pseudoacaciaFabaceaeblack locust
Castanea dentataFagaceaeAmerican chestnut
Fagus grandifoliaFagaceaeAmerican beech
Quercus albaFagaceaewhite oak
Quercus bicolorFagaceaeswamp white oak
Quercus ellipsoidalisFagaceaenorthern pin oak
Quercus macrocarpaFagaceaebur oak
Quercus muehlenbergiiFagaceaechinkapin oak
Quercus palustrisFagaceaepin oak
Quercus prinoidesFagaceaeDwarf Chinquapin Oak
Quercus rubraFagaceaenorthern red oak
Quercus velutinaFagaceaeblack oak
Ginkgo bilobaGinkgoaceaemaidenhair treeginkgo
Ribes americanumGrossulariaceaeWild Black CurrantAmerican Black Currant
Ribes cynosbatiGrossulariaceaePrickly GooseberryPasture Gooseberry
Ribes hirtellumGrossulariaceaeWild GooseberryLow Wild Gooseberry, Smooth Gooseberry
Ribes oxyacanthoides spp. oxyacanthoidesGrossulariaceaeBristly Wild GooseberryNorthern Gooseberry
Hamamelis virginianaHamamelidaceaeAmerican witchhazel
Aesculus glabraHippocastanaceaeOhio buckeye
Aesculus hippocastanumHippocastanaceaehorse chestnut
Carya cordiformisJuglandaceaebitternut hickory
Carya laciniosaJuglandaceaeshellbark hickorykingnut hickory
Carya ovataJuglandaceaeshagbark hickory
Juglans cinereaJuglandaceaebutternutwhite walnut
Juglans nigraJuglandaceaeblack walnut
Lindera benzoinLauraceaespicebush
Sassafras albidumLauraceaesassafras
Magnolia acuminataMagnoliaceaecucumber-treecucumber magnolia
Comptonia peregrinaMyricaceaeSweetfernFern Gale
Myrica galeMyricaceaeSweet Gale
Myrica pensylvanicaMyricaceaeNorthern Bayberry
Nyssa sylvaticaNyssaceaeblackgum
Fraxinus americanaOleaceaewhite ash
Fraxinus nigraOleaceaeBlack Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaOleaceaegreen ash
Fraxinus profundaOleaceaePumpkin AshFraxinus tomentosa
Fraxinus quadrangulataOleaceaeblue ash
Syringa vulgarisOleaceaeCommon LilacLilac
Abies balsameaPinaceaeBalsam FirCanada Balsam
Larix deciduaPinaceaeEuropean Larch
Larix laricinaPinaceaeTamarackHackmatack, Eastern Larch
Picea abiesPinaceaeNorway spruce
Picea glaucaPinaceaewhite spruce
Picea marianaPinaceaeblack spruce
Picea rubensPinaceaered spruce
Pinus banksianaPinaceaeJack PineBanksian Pine, Gray Pine
Pinus mugoPinaceaeMugo PineSwiss Mountain Pine, Mugho Pine
Pinus nigraPinaceaeAustrian PineEuropean Black Pine
Pinus resinosaPinaceaeRed PineNorway Pine
Pinus rigidaPinaceaepitch pine
Pinus strobusPinaceaeeastern white pine
Pinus sylvestrisPinaceaeScots PineScotch Pine, Scotch Fir
Tsuga canadensisPinaceaeeastern hemlock
Platanus occidentalisPlatanaceaeAmerican sycamore
Frangula alnusRhamnaceaeGlossy BuckthornAlder Buckthorn
Rhamnus alnifoliaRhamnaceaeAlder-leaved BuckthornDwarf Alder
Rhamnus catharticaRhamnaceaeCommon BuckthornEuropean Buckthorn, Buckthorn
Amelanchier arboreaRosaceaedowny serviceberry
Amelanchier laevisRosaceaesmooth shadbush or Juneberry
Amelanchier sanguineaRosaceaeround-leaved shadbush
Aronia melanocarpaRosaceaeChokeberryBlack-seeded Chokeberry
Dasiphora floribundaRosaceaeShrubby Cinquefoil
Prunus pensylvanicaRosaceaepin cherry
Prunus serotinaRosaceaeblack cherry
Prunus virginianaRosaceaeChokecherryEastern Chokecherry, Red Chokecherry
Pyrus calleryanaRosaceaeBradford pearCallery pear
Sibbaldiopsis tridentataRosaceaeThree-toothed Cinquefoil
Sorbaria sorbifoliaRosaceaeFalse Spiraea
Sorbus americanaRosaceaemountain ash
Cephalanthus occidentalisRubiaceaecommon buttonbush
Zanthoxylum americanumRutaceaePrickly AshAmerican Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree
Populus deltoidesSalicaceaecottonwood
Populus grandidentataSalicaceaebigtooth aspen
Populus tremuloidesSalicaceaequaking aspengolden aspen, trembling poplar
Salix nigraSalicaceaeblack willow
Ailanthus altissimaSimaroubaceaetree of heavenstinktree
Staphylea trifoliaStaphyleaceaeAmerican bladdernut
Taxus canadensisTaxaceaeYewGround Hemlock, American Yew
Dirca palustrisThymelaeaceaeleatherwoodmoosewood, wicopy
Tilia americana ssp. heterophyllaTiliaceaewhite basswoodTilia heterophylla
Celtis occidentalisUlmaceaenorthern hackberrycommon hackberry
Ulmus americanaUlmaceaeAmerican elm
Ulmus rubraUlmaceaeslippery elm