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Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra (WWF ecoregion NA1117) View National Geographic WildWorld profile (WildWorld home), View  WWF Wildfinder animal species list (WildFinder home)

Tundra above Lower Paradise Lake, Chugach National Forest, Alaska
Tundra above Lower Paradise Lake, Chugach National Forest, Alaska (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf


Source of bioregions data: Olson, D. M. and E. Dinerstein. The Global 200: Priority ecoregions for global conservation. (PDF file) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89:125-126.

Distinctiveness (1=highest,4=lowest): 3 (bioregionally outstanding)
Much of this region lies beneath glaciers and ice fields.  In valleys, hemlock, spruce, and fir are present.  The ecosystems are generally intact, including top predators.*

Conservation Status (1=most endangered, 5=most intact): 5 (relatively intact)
The ecoregion is about 95% intact, with minor disturbance from mines and roads.*

Characteristic species*
Phyllodoce aleutica (mountain heath)
Cladothamnus pyrolaeflorus (copper bush)
Abies lasiocarpa  (subalpine fir)
Tsuga mertensiana  (mountain hemlock)
Picea sitchensis  (Sitka spruce)
Tsuga heterophylla  (western hemlock)
 
Ursus acrtos (brown bear) (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf   hires
Alces alces (moose) (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf   hires   hires
 
Other animal species
Castor canadensis (beaver) dam shown here (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf   hires
Gavia immer (common loon)  (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf    hires
Sterna paradisaea (arctic tern)  (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf    hires

 

Some views from the ecoregion


forested area along river (l), Upper Paradise Lake (r), Chugach National Forest, Alaska (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf  hires  hires


tundra in this area is often on steep slopes, Chugach National Forest, Alaska (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf  hires


treeline, Lower Paradise Lake, Chugach National Forest, Alaska (c) 2005 Carol and Steve Baskauf  hires

* Ricketts, T.H., E. Dinerstein, D.M. Olson, C.J. Loucks, et al.  (1999) Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America: A Conservation Assessment.  World Wildlife Fund - United States and Canada.  Island Press, Washington, D.C. pp. 337-340.

Except as noted, images copyright 2002-2005 Steve Baskauf - Terms of use