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Western Great Lakes forests (WWF ecoregion NA0416) View National Geographic WildWorld profile,(WildWorld home), View  WWF Wildfinder animal species list (WildFinder home)

North shore of Lake Superior, Lake County, Minnesota
North shore of Lake Superior, Lake County, Minnesota
(c) 2005 Jason J. Husveth

Western Great Lakes forests map
Source of bioregions data: Olson, D. M. and E. Dinerstein. The Global 200: Priority ecoregions for global conservation. (PDF file) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89:125-126.

Distinctiveness (1=highest,4=lowest): 4 (nationally important)
This region supports populations of large mammals and has some areas with intact top level predators including black bear and wolves.*

Conservation Status (1=most endangered, 5=most intact): 4 (relatively stable)
20% of the region is intact, much of it in Minnesota.  Logging in much of the region has changed the forest composition.  Extensive areas have been converted to agricultural and housing development is a threat.*

Characteristic species*
 
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
 
Betula papyrifera (paper birch)
 
Pinus banksiana (jack pine)
 
Picea glauca (white spruce)
 
Picea mariana (black spruce) (c) 2004 Maurice J. Kaurmann

Abies balsamea (balsam fir)
 
Pinus strobus (white pine)
 
Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Quercus species


Corylus cornuta
(hazel)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Acer rubrum (red maple)
 
Acer saccharum  (sugar maple)
 
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
 
Ostrya virginiana (hop hornbeam)
 
Tilia americana (basswood)
 
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
 
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
 

Associated habitats

Black spruce and fen, Minnesota
black spruce and fen, north central Lake Co., Minnesota (c) 2005 Jason J. Husveth  hires

patterened peatland, Minnesota
patterened peatland, north central Lake Co., Minnesota (c) 2005 Jason J. Husveth  hires

Poor and rich fen, Minnesota
poor and rich fen, north central Lake Co., Minnesota (c) 2005 Jason J. Husveth  hires

* Ricketts, T.H., E. Dinerstein, D.M. Olson, C.J. Loucks, et al.  (1999) Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America: A Conservation Assessment.  World Wildlife Fund - United States and Canada.  Island Press, Washington, D.C. pp. 156-159.

Except as noted, images copyright 2002-2005 Steve Baskauf - Terms of use